At times, our communities seem to be steering a wayward, unpredictable course through ideology and governance in the world around us. Not unlike a pirate ship.
You see, the Royal Navy and Merchant Marine sailed straight, authoritarian courses. But not pirates. No way. And do you know why? Because the crew, not the captain, decided where the ship was going. In fact, the captain couldn't even be captain until the crew voted him into, um, office. Because, my little scallywags, pirate ships were bastions of democracy!
One hundred years before the French Revolution, pirate ships - or pirate companies - were run on the ideals of liberty, equality and brotherhood. It was the rule, rather than the exception. According to scholar and fellow Piratologist, David Cordingly, author of Under the Black Flag: The Romance and Reality of Life Among the Pirates, at times, it was difficult to even get a pirate ship going anywhere. You see, the crew actually voted on a destination before the captain set a course; arguably, this accounted for pirates' time being spent in warm places like the Caribbean, Gulf of Aden and the Strait of Malacca.
Like our Charter of Rights and Freedoms or our American friends' Constitution, pirates drafted and signed "The Articles of Piracy" before each voyage. These articles regulated the distribution of plunder, the scale of compensation for injuries in battle, and outlined basic rules for shipboard life (ie. no one is allowed to drink all the rum and/or molest the goat) as well as punishments for those who broke the rules (ie. you molested the goat, now it won't give milk, so we're going to squeeze you in a vice until you give milk). After the articles were written, every pirate aboard signed them.
Given all this, when it comes to democracy, what have we learned from pirate communities?
- The onlooking attraction of democracy: when a pirate ship attacked and captured a merchant vessel, the crew of the merchant ship was given the chance to join the pirates. Most sailors did. As with any country's immigration tests, processes and required cultural-acceptance, new members of a pirate brethren were expected to behave accordingly. Just like today, people working and living in corrupt oligarchies (like the merchant marine, epitomized by the East India Trading Company or Venetian salt merchants) or authoritarian regimes (like the Royal Navy) can't wait to jump-ship and join a democracy, where everyone got a share of the loot (more or less...just like a modern democracy!)
- Democracies facilitate social and cultural leveling: pirate ships yielded a collection of multi-cultural castaways, escaped African slaves, openly homosexual seamen, and even women. Did they all get along all the time? No, absolutely not. However aboard these ships began the wonderful journey towards equality and multiculturalism.
- Democracies aren't getting us anywhere fast: pirate ships were aimless, inefficient over the long term (though incredibly productive in the short term), and were constantly in search of stuff - or 'booty'. As with our modern democracies, pirates were - and still are - driven by a romanticized concept of consumerism. Treasure - be it gold or silver or slaves or tobacco or sugar or rum - gave them purpose. They lived day-to-day, and weren't terribly concerned with the big, long-term picture. Captain's were worried about getting re-elected (or not killed by their crew), not about a sustainable policies that involved immediate sacrifices for long-term profits. Kinda sorta like our leaders today, who can't make any progress on meaningful environmental stewardship. They're a little too concerned about boot-, err, the economy and it's short-term, re-electing significance.
- Sir John the